- What is bipolar disorder?
People who have bipolar disorder experience periods of depression and periods of mania or hypomania. Depression involves experiencing symptoms listed in the “Depression” section above.Symptoms of mania include:
- Euphoric and/or irritable mood
- Decreased need for sleep
- Increased talkativeness
- Risk taking behavior and goal-directed behavior
- Increased self-esteem or grandiosity (e.g., believing you have extraordinary abilities or powers)
Hypomania is similar to mania but is less severe and impairing. Some people who have bipolar disorder experience symptoms of both depression and mania/hypomania at the same time. Some people experience frequent switches in mood, and others can go for long periods of time without having symptoms of depression or mania/hypomania.
- Has Cognitive Behavior Therapy been shown to be effective for treating bipolar disorder?
Research has demonstrated that, when combined with medications, CBT is an effective treatment for bipolar disorder, and that it is particularly helpful in treating bipolar depression and preventing future episodes of depression, mania, and hypomania. CBT has also been found to be important for improving sleep and decreasing anxiety in people who have bipolar disorder. Medications are an essential feature of treatment for bipolar disorder and are particularly important for managing and treating mania/hypomania.
- What is involved in Cognitive Behavior Therapy for bipolar disorder?
CBT for bipolar disorder typically involves a number of different components, which you and your therapist will collaborate in implementing. These include:
- Education about factors that impact mood and increase/decrease vulnerability to depression and mania/hypomania
- Interventions for stabilizing and regularizing sleep and daily routines
- Increasing awareness of mood fluctuations and regularly monitoring mood
- Addressing thinking patterns and behavioral patterns that perpetuate depression and mania/hypomania
- Collaborating with family members and significant others to help you maintain a stable mood through feedback and support
- Identifying triggers, vulnerabilities, and early warning signs of depression and mania/hypomania, so that you can intervene early and effectively
Contact us to learn more about obtaining treatment for bipolar disorder at our center.